A breakdown of Canada’s latest climate accountability bill

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From CTV News

  • The federal government recently announced a climate bill aimed at cutting down greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero levels by 2050.

    Bill C-12, known as the Canadian Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act, would require Environment ministers to set emissions goals every five years, beginning in 2030 and ending in 2050.

    These goals must “take into account the best scientific information available,” according to the bill. In addition, any plan must include green house gas emission targets for that upcoming year and a description of what the government plans to do to meet these targets.

    The legislation would also create a 15-member advisory board to help guide the government’s plan to meet its targets. The environment commissioner must also audit the plan at least once every five years. The minister is allowed to amend the emissions target, after consultation with the other cabinet members of the sitting government. Provincial governments, Indigenous peoples, the advisory board and any other interested parties must be allowed to give submissions on any amendments.

    The minister must also provide a progress report two years prior to each milestone year. This report must contain actions the government has taken to reduce emissions and any additional measures the government could take in the future to further achieve their goals.

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